The Canary Island Hale Bopp Conference of 1998
Early in 1997 it was announced by the ESO (European Space Agency) that there would be a conference held in the Canary Islands to elicit and discuss ideas and discoveries concerning the great comet Hale Bopp. A call for papers was announced. One of the Millennium Group's contributing scientists, James M. McCanney, submitted an abstract to several of the organizers of the event. Below are two examples of the typical responses that he recieved. Science unbiased? We will let the reader decide that fine point. We would encourage you to pass along your feelings to the appropriate individuals.


I've passed your message to Richard West. We have not sent out the formal second mailing because the conference poster is not ready yet. The SOC debated long and hard on the invited papers and decided to invite speakers formally before sending out the announcement. There is still a lot of time available for contributed papers, so you can still make an important contribution to the conference.  

Mark Kidger" 


The following abstract is submitted in LaTex format as requested for an oral presentation (poster session is not acceptable) at the Canary Islands Hale-Bopp Conference  

Plasma Discharge Comet Model  

J M McCanney  

An alternative comet model was developed circa 1979 which predicted the existence of x-rays to the sunward side of cometary nuclei, among other effects, not anticipated in theory by the dirty snow ball comet model. Both models explain many commonly observed phenomena, but subtle differences such as a non-snowy asteroidal nucleus, sunward bremsstrahlung x-rays, variable red shift observable in photons leaving the vicinity of the nucleus, a concentration of electrons moving upstream near the comet nucleus from the sun, a mathematically predictable shrinkage of the cometary coma as the comet approaches the sun, a surrounding H+ Debye shielding cloud, and the formation of true sunward spikes are effects which have been observed and prove the correctness of the Plasma Discharge Comet Model.  

Over the past 20 years this model has correctly predicted effects that were never anticipated nor subsequently explained by the dirty snow ball comet model.  The primary result of the theory is that the dust and gasses in the tail are not being blown away by solar winds but are being drawn into the comet nucleus.  A comet is not a dirty snow ball sublimating in the solar environment, but is a complex plasma discharge initiated by the cometay nucleus entering the solar capacitor on a highly elliptical orbit.  A comet nucleus such as that of Hale-Bopp is extremely hot due to the latent heat of formation.  Hale-Bopp's rapidly changing orbit is a result of the tail drag as predicted in theory.  The dynamics of the solar system are extremely complex and are explained in the numerous published papers by this author.  

Additionally the model has influenced the realization both in this theory's prediction and more recently by observation (by LASCO and satellites monitoring solar activity) other important processes including the excess proton current in the solar wind and flares creating a "solar capacitor" holding back dust and gasses (which is one source of comet tail material), as well as the return current sheet which maintains the balance of charge in the solar system.  This also is seen to affect the energy balance of the sun itself.  

The star-like nature of Jupiter and Saturn (also with surrounding H+  
clouds) imply a low level of fusion in their atmospheres.  The source of  
this fusion has been identified and the theoretical model corresponds to the observed proton flux emanating from these planets.  The theoretical model of this effect around Saturn prompted the correct  prediction of "sweeper moons" by this author which were subsequently found in Saturn's rings which cause the outer ring edges to be well defined and inner ring edges to fade gradually.  Another predicted effect was the observed radial "spokes" in Saturn's rings and related radio noise.  

Plasma discharge effects are observable for any object moving in a  
non-uniform plasma.  In this case the non-uniform plasma is generated as a natural by product of any object undergoing fusion.  Other observable effects include the interaction of galaxies (Arp Galaxies), the  Space Shuttle Glow, electrical charging of near earth orbiting satellites and related effects around asteroids which exhibit halos.  The effects observed when comet(s) Shoemaker-Levy 9 entered Jupiter's realm were in fact predicted and explained almost 20 years ago.  


From: ESO-Garching; Tel: +4989-32006-276 <>  
To: jmccanney <>  
Subject: Re: abstract for oral presentation "Hale-Bopp Conference"  
Date: Friday, December 12, 1997 8:58 AM  

Dear Mr. McCanney,  

Thank you for your various emails concerning your submitted abstract. I am sorry that it has not been possible to answer before, due to the large number of submissions to this conference and the correspondingly time-consuming work that had to be done by the members of the SOC. 

The SOC has received a very large number of excellent proposals for presentations and it has been a very difficult task to assign the limited number of available slots for oral presentations. Indeed, it has been impossible to accomodate all of those that really deserved it. 

I regret to inform you that the SOC, after careful scrutiny of the abstract you submitted and in view of the situation described above, has decided that it will not be possible to accept your proposed paper for an oral presentation. 

Kind regards,  
Richard West 
Chair, SOC