This breakthrough image produced March 6,1997 by Ian Griffin at The Astronaut Memorial Planetarium and Observatory

It is well accepted that the process of death and/or loss involves five steps:

1. Denial
2. Anger
3. Bargaining
4. Depression
5. Acceptance

When the "death" happens to involve a paradignamical truism held since the early days of "modern" science that is based on the 300 year old Scientific Method founded on classical Newtonian physics, the process of evolution and transformation to a new cosmology could take hundreds of years. We assert that the facts surrounding the appearance and nature of Hale-Bopp will assist us all to greatly reduce the time needed. Many may not like the change, and it will be happening, none the less, in the few short months between now and the year 2000. While this will certainly not be welcome news to Establishment Astronomy (today's clergy), and it's principle funding organization, NASA, (today's Church) we would like to suggest that the process of transition need not be adversarial. Everyone is needed, and everyone has a part to play. All we are asking is that each person follow the Golden Rule of true science:


We understand that the replacement of the above Golden Rule by the dogma surrounding the "dirty snowball" model is invisible to those inside of the existing paradigm of modern astronomy. That is understandable, however, since the very nature of paradigms can be defined as "cosmologies unseen". The good news is that the transformation in thinking from "old" to "new" can be accomplished in an instant if we are all willing to step up above the battlefield to a place of objective observation and carefully weigh the evidence. If dear, conservative, Max Planck, was willing to "give up everything I had previously known" in order to solve the "black body problem", and establish the foundation Quantum Mechanics then why should we not be willing to do the same from the safety of our own mental processes; ie, Thinking.

Earl L. Crockett (

It is in this Spirit that we present the following:



Birth Of The Plasma Discharge Model

A Theory By J.M. McCanney

(copyright 1997 by J.M. McCanney, all rights reserved)


by Gary D. Goodwin

In the late 1970's, while teaching at Cornell University, Professor James M. McCanney struggled with the intuitive idea that current theories concerning the nature and origin of comets fell far short of explaining the behavior of these mysterious visitors. As a Physics Researcher, he has worked many years, independently on developing theoretical research in celestial mechanics (the study of planetary motion) and plasma physics (the study of electrified gases in outer space). During his tenure at Cornell a wealth of new and unexpected data was flooding into the university, which has a central NASA library and data repository, and which at the time was available to researchers. Many NASA scientists, including the well known Carl Sagan, were also professors there at the same time. These were this countries' elite scientists. What Professor McCanney's long awaited research is now revealing is that 1) the accepted Astronomical theories are very limited in their predictions and 2) His theoretical models predict some very surprising results concerning comets and indeed our very universe.

His theories range from galactic formation to the predicted electrical discharges and spokes in Saturn's Rings (which were subsequently verified by the voyager space craft). Both the Galactic Formation paper and Saturn Sweeper Moon papers have been published in well known astrophysics journals. One of his many predictions early on was that comets should exhibit x-rays (the kind of radiation associated with high energy nuclear explosions) to the sunward side of the comet nucleus. This was so radically unexpected and inexplainable by the accepted "dirty snow ball comet model" that he has made this one of his deciding criteria for proof of his theory. Just last year a group of Goddard Space Flight Center Astronomers "discovered" the x-rays exactly where he had predicted them in Hyakutake. After the discovery hit the press he immediately called Goddard and sent his papers to the lead scientists. The January 1997 issue of Discovery magazine listed the discovery of cometary x-rays as one of the 100 top science stories of 1996. And again, during studies of Halley's comet more of his predictions were verified (e.g. an intense electron current coming from the sun into the comet nucleus and that the nucleus would be black, not snowy white as they expected). In fact Halley's nucleus is now known to be the blackest object ever observed in outer space.

In 1987 he gave an invited speech on his theoretical work at Los Alamos National Laboratories to about 50 of the countries' top plasma physicists (the ones who work on classified space programs and design our nuclear arsenal). After two hours he realized he was teaching them something they had never heard of and that they were seeing for the very first time. He was so engrossed in his talk that at the end he finally closed and looked out across a quiet room. For a moment there was dead silence, then one middle aged man blurted out "mister you've got a lot of guts" and the room gave him a robust round of applause. There is no doubt he is sitting on Nobel Prize quality work.

This past spring, on May 27, The American Geophysical Union (AGU) is held a conference in Baltimore with a day long session on "Cometary X-rays and New Cometary Physics". Professor McCanney was included in an afternoon "poster session" where he presented his theory.(His abstract was SH22b-06 on the list).

The bottom line? "Comets are not what has been predicted they are (melting dirty snow balls), but are in fact a complex plasma interaction of a rocky asteroidal nucleus with the Sun as the central nuclear battery". A revolutionary statement, by a man who has waited patiently for the right time and opportunity to share his earth shattering findings!

You can preview Professor McCanney's home page HERE.

As has been previously stated, Hale Bopp is NOT a small comet. The tail of Hale Bopp is approximately forty million miles long, a few million miles in diameter and must regenerate this tail about every ten hours or so. And remember, Hale Bopp has been visible from earth for over two years! A dirty snowball, twenty five miles in diameter is hardly capable of such a feat. Professor McCanney's new theory explains that the tail matter is being drawn into the comet nucleus by electrical forces millions of times larger than gravity or the solar wind. This refreshing idea reveals that Hale Bopp is growing and is the newest planetary member of our solar system. Hale Bopp is indeed a huge comet and this first paper is a starting point at understanding this theory based upon a small comet model such as the past Giacobini-Zinner. Welcome to Hale Bopp, the newest planetary member of our Solar System!

copyright 1996 The Millennium Group